Spina Bifida is a neural tube birth defect where the spinal column doesn't close completely. There are 3 different types of this condition.

  • Occulta is usually harmless. There is a gap in some of the bones of the spine, but there is no opening on the back.
  • Meningocele is when the protective coverings (meninges) come through the open part of the spine, but the nerves are protected by a fluid sac.
  • Myelomeningocele is the most serious form. The meninges and spinal nerves come through the opening in the spine, causing nerve damage.
  • Treatment includes surgery to close the spine, physical therapy to help muscle strength and movement, and braces or crutches to help with balance and posture.

    Spina Bifida
    [ Kids/Teens ] Information, causes, and what it is like to have Spina Bifida.
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    Last update:
    May 3, 2016 at 0:54:19 UTC
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