Hydrocephalus comes from the Greek: hydro means water, cephalus means head. Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within cavities called ventricles inside the brain. CSF is produced in the ventricles, circulates through the ventricular system, and is absorbed into the bloodstream. CSF is in constant circulation and has many important functions. It surrounds the brain and spinal cord and acts as a protective cushion against injury. CSF contains nutrients and proteins necessary for the nourishment and normal function of the brain. It carries waste products away from surrounding tissues. Hydrocephalus occurs when there is an imbalance between the amount of CSF that is produced and the rate at which it is absorbed. As CSF builds up, it causes the ventricles to enlarge, and the pressure inside the head to increase.
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Clinically-oriented information on the different types.
Patient centered guide to hydrocephalus information, resources, and reading material.
Hydrocephalus Fact Sheet
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In depth information about hydrocephalus, including the types, the causes, methods of diagnosis, types of treatments, and many of the effects.
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Madi's Fund for Hydrocephalus Research
Fund is used to promote hydrocephalus research and provide some assistance for families who have children hospitalized at Fletcher Allen Health Care.
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Information sheet compiled by The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
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Last update:October 17, 2016 at 3:04:16 UTC