Kyphosis is a medical term for the curvature of the upper spine. Although some degree of curvature is normal, excessive curvature, commonly known as hunchback, can cause discomfort and breathing difficulties.
Maryland Spine Center: Cervical Kyphosis
Patient's guide to this condition including anatomy, causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options.
Factsheet in question and answer format.
Factsheet on this condition, its causes, symptoms, examinations and tests, treatment, outlook, complications and prevention.
NHS Choices: Kyphosis
Provides information on this abnormal outward curving of the upper spine. Includes a short video and details of symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, complications and prevention.
Article on this condition characterized by wedge-shaped vertebrae that cause the thoracic spine to curve forward too much. Includes causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
Encyclopedia article on this condition, its classification and treatments.
Last update:January 5, 2016 at 18:05:07 UTC