Viral disease causing encephalitis (brain inflammation); rarely fatal in humans. Mosquitoes carry the virus from infected birds to other birds, people, horses, and other animals.

Because corvids (ravens, crows, magpies, and blue jays) are particularly susceptible to West Nile Virus, dead crows found in or near urban areas are often used as an indicator of the spread of this disease.

The list of bird species that the virus has reported in is at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/birdspecies.htm

Related categories 9

CDC: West Nile Virus
Describes the entomology, and gives details of the NYC area outbreak, as well as providing background information on surveillance, control, and prevention.
Alabama: West Nile Virus
Information and resources about the disease in the state for the general public, healthcare professionals and veterinarians.
Alberta Health and Wellness: West Nile Virus
Features response plans, information for health professionals, common questions, and press releases.
Annals of Internal Medicine: West Nile Virus: A Primer for the Clinician
Provides doctors with information on the diagnosis, reporting, and management of patients with suspected West Nile virus infection.
Are Crows the New Plague Carriers?
Discussed the connection between the West Nile virus and large-scale deaths of crows. Concludes that horses and migratory birds are the main vectors for spread of the disease.
Arizona: West Nile Virus Surveillance and Prevention
Includes facts about the disease and the prevention program in the state.
Arkansas: West Nile Virus
Features press releases, surveillance, hotline, and educational materials.
California West Nile Virus Surveillance Information Center
Information on the disease and prevention of the disease in the state.
Chicago Department of Public Health: West Nile Virus
Features an overview, symptoms, prevention and surveillance reports.
Colorado West Nile Virus Information
From the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Press releases and information about the disease in the state.
Determining Impacts of West Nile Virus on Crows and Other Birds
The National Audubon Society provides a report on the disease and its effects on birds. [PDF]
District of Columbia Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Features disease information, mosquito control measures, brochures, and information for clinicians.
eMedicine - West Nile Encephalitis
Infectious disease expert reviews clinical and laboratory data associated with the West Nile virus infection. Includes guidelines on diagnosis, encephalitis and meningitis treatment, and patient care.
eMedicinehealth - West Nile Virus
Dr. David Donson offers a report on the symptoms of West Nile virus infection such as flulike fever, encephalitis, and meningitis. Includes information on emergency care and mosquito bite prevention tips.
FDA: Response to the Emerging Threat of Transmission of West Nile Virus through Blood and Tissue
Outlines the threat posed by the virus being in blood products and considers what action should be taken.
First Nations and West Nile Virus
Programs to combat and monitor the disease among the First Nations of Canada.
Florida State Arboviral Encephalitis and West Nile Virus Information
Information for physicians, maps of locations, press releases, and how to report incidences of the diseases.
Georgia Department of Public Health - Vector-borne Diseases
Information on West Nile virus and other mosquito borne diseases in the state.
Hawaii: West Nile Virus Information Center
Includes disease information, brochures, FAQ, and notice to clinicians.
Idaho West Nile Virus
Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Communicable Disease Prevention. General information and prevention measures.
Illinois Department of Public Health: West Nile Virus
Information about the disease in the state, including news releases, surveillance information, and public education.
Indiana State Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Features news releases, links, maps, and references. In English and Spanish.
Kentucky Department for Public Health: West Nile Virus
Information about the disease and mosquito control information.
Kids and the West Nile Virus
Risk and symptoms of the disease in children.
Kidshealth: West Nile Virus
Factsheets with cause, symptoms, and prevention.
Louisiana OPH - Infectious Disease Epidemiology Program: West Nile Virus and Other Arboviruses
Surveillance for West Nile Virus was initiated in Louisiana in 2000, sentinels include 16 hospital emergency rooms, chicken flocks, mosquitoes, horses, and birds.
Maine West Nile Virus
Includes resources for Maine residents and for physicians, with links to information on other vector-borne diseases.
Manitoba Health: West Nile Virus
Includes surveillance activities in the province, news, factsheets, and statistics.
Massachusetts EOHSS: Arbovirus
Provides information and resources on West Nile virus and eastern equine encephalitis virus which are both transmitted by mosquitoes.
Mayo Clinic - West Nile Virus
Features signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: West Nile Virus
Includes cause, risk factors, prognosis, diagnosis, complications, tests, and prevention.
MedlinePlus: West Nile Virus
Features news stories and links.
Michigan West Nile Virus
Reports on West Nile Virus, press releases, educational resources, and test specimen collection contact information.
Minnesota Department of Health : West Nile Virus and Other Mosquito-Transmitted Diseases
Features maps, fact sheets, links, and information about the disease in the state.
Mississippi State Department Of Health: West Nile Virus
Information, news releases and forms.
National Pesticide Information Center: West Nile Virus
Features disease information, links, statistics, and maps.
Nebraska HHS System: West Nile Virus Surveillance Program
Includes fact sheets, surveillance information and forms, and links.
New Brunswick Health: West Nile Virus
Features factsheets, management plan, and statistics.
New Hampshire: Eastern Equine Encephalitis and West Nile Virus
General overview of these diseases and prevention guidelines.
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, West Nile Virus
Features articles, news stories, and fact sheet.
New Mexico Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Includes updates on the virus in the state and brochures on the disease.
New York City Department of Health - West Nile Virus
Information, fact sheets, reporting forms and local news related to the West Nile Virus in the New York City area.
New York Hospital Queens: West Nile Virus
Provides information about the investigational treatment protocol for the virus employing alpha interferon.
New York State Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Features information on the disease in the state, journalist's guide to the West Nile Virus, and fact sheet for healthcare providers.
NHS Choices: West Nile Virus
Provides details of symptoms, diagnosis and treatment and how to reduce the risk of catching the viral disease.
North Dakota Department of Health: West Nile Virus
West Nile surveillance information for the state.
Nova Scotia Health Promotion and Protection: West Nile Virus
Includes factsheets, action plan, and a printable brochure.
Oklahoma State Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Provides information on this disease and its incidence in the state. Includes a number of factsheets, reports and resources.
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care: West Nile Virus
Includes publications and surveillance activities.
Oregon Public Health Services : West Nile Virus
Includes fact sheets and reporting information on the disease in the state.
Pennsylvania: West Nile Virus
News releases and information about the disease in the state.
Prince Edward Island Health: West Nile Virus
Features surveillance information and common questions.
Public Health in North Carolina: West Nile Virus
Provides information on the disease, its symptoms in humans and how it affects birds. Includes a number of brochures and related links.
Quebec West Nile Virus
Information from the Health Ministry on the disease. In French and English.
Rhode Island: West Nile Virus
Overview, symptoms, prevention and transmission.
South Carolina: West Nile Virus
Information and resources on the disease in the state.
South Dakota Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Information about the disease in the state, links and factsheet.
Texas Department of Health Zoonosis Control Division - West Nile Virus
Information about the disease in humans, horses, and birds in Texas. Includes maps, statistics, news releases, and fact sheets about the disease.
TheHorse.com: West Nile Virus
Information and articles about the disease and its effects on horses and humans.
Topix - West Nile Virus News
News about the disease collected from diverse sources.
Topix: West Nile Virus
News on West Nile Virus from various sources. [RSS]
Vermont Department of Health: West Nile Virus Information
Includes fact sheet, news releases, and state surveillance and response plan.
Virginia Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Includes reporting information, prevention tips, and surveillance information in the state.
Washington State Department of Health: West Nile Virus
Includes press releases, FAQ, and brochures.
West Nile Virus
Fact sheets and advisories from the US Geological Survey as well as link to additional information.
West Nile Virus
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases fact sheet on research being undertaken.
West Nile Virus - Vads Corner
Features links to information about the disease, with the focus on news links.
West Nile Virus in British Columbia
Features surveillance data, frequently asked questions, press releases and publications.
West Nile Virus in Kansas
Offers information on the status of West Nile Virus in Kansas and provides links to additional sites for information on West Nile virus in North America.
West Virginia: West Nile Virus
Brochures and information about the disease in the state.
Wisconsin: West Nile Virus
Includes news releases, state statistics, surveillance, and brochures.
Wyoming West Nile Virus Information
Includes news releases, surveillance information in the state, forms, and fact sheet.
CDC - West Nile Virus in Mexico: Evidence of Widespread Circulation since July 2002
Article on the disease's spread in Mexico. (December 01, 2003)
New Scientist: Traces of West Nile virus found in UK birds
First reported confirmation of antibodies to the disease in UK birds. (July 23, 2003)
Vitritis and Chorioretinitis in a Patient With West Nile Virus Infection
Abstract of Archives of Ophthalmology article about a patient presenting with floaters and other eye problems. (February 01, 2003)
BBC News: Killer virus 'may have reached UK'
News article on the disease. (October 28, 2002)
Inside Illinois: UI lab confirms first cases of West Nile in canines, squirrels
News report of the confirmation of fatal cases of the disease in squirrels, a wolf, and a dog. (September 19, 2002)
USA Today: 21 West Nile deaths reported in Illinois in worst outbreak in the country
News article about the human cases of the disease in the Chicago area, plus links to other stories concerning the disease. (September 18, 2002)

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