A thyroid nodule or a fluid filled cyst will sometimes be found in the thyroid gland. Additional thyroid disorders, such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism may also be present, although some patients are euthyroid (have normal thyroid hormone levels). There are several treatments available, depending upon the individual's test results. Nodules are rarely cancerous, but a small percentage of single nodules do have a small risk of cancer. These may require surgery. A fluid filled cyst is sometimes aspirated, but seldom needs to be surgically removed.
Diagnostic Evaluation of the Thyroid Nodule
Guidance on diagnosis and treatment, intended for medical students and physicians. Slide show presentation from Loyola University Medical Center.
Risk for Malignancy of Thyroid Nodules as Assessed by Sonographic Criteria
Abstract that discusses the need for biopsy. From Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.
Discusses laboratory evaluation, imaging studies, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, management of, and special considerations. From eMedicine.
Discusses basic facts, questions, symptoms, treatment, what to do if you have nodules, and radiation exposure. From EndocrineWeb.
Last update:October 5, 2015 at 5:15:06 UTC