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Textiles and Nonwovens
Articles and Studies
Cotton Classification Results
- Explanation of High Volume Instrument (HVI) cotton fiber measurements for classification according to color grade, fiber length, micronaire, and strength, and color, trash and length uniformity. From the US Department of Agriculture.
- Collection of educational articles about the history, growing and processing, economic impact and applications of cotton fiber.
- From Curl Bros. History, manufacture and properties of cotton fiber.
The Effect of Bale Ageing on Cotton Fiber Chemistry, Processing Performance, and Yarn Quality
- Technical paper presenting the results of a study on the effects of extended warehousing on fiber processing characteristics, by characterizing some of the chemical and physical factors of the cotton fiber both before and after storage. From the Journal of Cotton Science. Author: Gary R. Gamble. [PDF]
Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cotton Fibers: Modeling Using an Empirical Equation
- Technical paper about the monitoring of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose in cotton fibers by a cellulase mixture, by measuring products of hydrolysis as a function of time in a test reaction vessel. Authors: Ajoy K. Sarkar and J. Nolan Etters. [PDF]
Evaluation of the USDA Shafter Cotton
- Master of Science thesis about the evaluation of a subset of uncharacterised US cotton germplasm for their potential to contribute to future plant improvement efforts. Author: Jimmy Xavier Zumba. [PDF]
The Great Cotton-Rag Myth
- Short article about the controversy over what natural fibers were traditionally used in the manufacture of paper. Author: Ellen McCrady.
The Impact of Carding Micro-climate on Cotton Moisture Content and Fiber and Yarn Quality
- Technical paper presenting the results of research to determine whether an increase in the relative humidity and cooling of the air surrounding the card, minimises the loss in moisture content of cotton fiber through carding and reduces short fiber content in the slivers. FRom the Journal of Cotton Science. Authors: David D. McAlister and others. [PDF]
Implications of Surface Chemistry on Cotton Fiber Processing
- Technical paper quantifying pectin, wax, glucose and surface electrolyte components of cotton fiber in order to develop a chemistry based methodology to elucidate currently unknown factors involved in yarn spinning efficiency. From the Journal of Cotton Science. Author: Gary R. Gamble. [PDF]
The Influence of Surface Electrolyte and Moisture Content on the Frictional Behavior of Cotton Fiber
- Technical paper presenting a study of cotton fiber surface electrolyte content and the moisture associated with the fiber to determine their potential role in the conversion of fiber to yarn. From the Journal of Cotton Science. Author: Gary R. Gamble. [PDF]
Relationships Between Micronaire, Fineness, and Maturity. Part I. Fundamentals
- Technical paper presenting the models and computer simulation methods of micronaire measuring of cotton fiber when the measurements of fineness and maturity are not available. From the Journal of Cotton Science. Author: Joseph G. Montalvo Jr. [PDF]
Relationships Between Micronaire, Fineness, and Maturity. Part II. Experimental
- Second part of a paper about micronaire measuring of cotton, drawing on the computer simulation database to obtain information about how to derive diagnostic relationships to fit to a simpler linear model. From the Journal of Cotton Science. Author: Joseph G. Montalvo Jr. and Terry M. von Hoven. [PDF]
Review of Standard Test Methods for Moisture in Lint Cotton
- Technical paper reviewing the voluntary, national and international standard test methods for the measurement of moisture in lint cotton using the oven drying technique. Authors: Joseph G. Montalvo Jr. and Terry M. von Hoven. [PDF]
Washed Cotton: A Review and Recommendations
- A summary of recent research on batch kier washing of raw cotton, and recommendations regarding prevention strategies for dust control involving washed cotton. From the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
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