Calixa Lavallée (1842-1891) was born in Quebec, traveled abroad for years, fought as a Union officer in the American Civil War, and was a theater musician, bandsman, and choirmaster before achieving lasting fame for composing O Canada. He holds the distinction of being the first notable Canadian composer.

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Calixa Lavallee
Find a Grave listing with portrait photograph, picture of his tombstone with English translation of French inscription, and cemetery information.
Lavallée, Calixa
Biographical entry from the Canadian Encyclopedia with portrait from the first printing of O Canada.
Lavallée, Calixa 1842-1891
Music Division Archival Guide entry with biographical sketch and details of holdings from the Music Archives at the National Library of Canada.
O Canada: Calixa Lavallee
Detailed biography with a strong sense of national pride includes links to lyrics, MIDI sound file, detailed history of the song, and biographies of French and English lyricists Adolphe-Basile Routhier and Robert Stanley Weir.
[Musical L]
Last update:
March 19, 2016 at 18:56:55 UTC
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