Arts Design Fashion People S Schiaparelli, Elsa
5
(1890-1973)

Rome born Schiaparelli associated with Surrealist artists, among them Dali and Cocteau, and translated their themes not only into prints but into design as well. She introduced the padded shoulder, the idea of separates as sportswear, and used zippers, a device borrowed from menswear, in her creations.

Vogue called her 1927 collection "an artistic masterpiece", and she continued designing until closing her couture salon in 1954 against the rise of fashion's new-guard (Christian Dior leading the pack). Credit for the marriage of art and fashion still goes to Elsa Schiaparelli for effecting the hook-up.

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Guardian Unlimited Books: Observer Review - Shocking!
Peter Conrad recounts anecdotal details for his review of the Philadelphia Museum of Art's exhibition catalogue by curator Dilys E. Blum.
Internet Movie Database (IMDb)
Filmography provided for the designer.
Slate: Aftershock - What Happened to the Provocative Elsa Schiaparelli?
Josh Patner blindsides the "is fashion art?" question and scatters pieces throughout his review of "Shocking! The Art and Fashion of Elsa Schiaparelli" at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. (November 24, 2003)
Telegraph: Arts - Chic Value
Vicki Woods hails the designer as innovatrix and, along with Coco Chanel, "one of the two great genius couturiers of the first half of the 20th century". Free registration required. (October 24, 2003)
Philadelphia Museum of Art: Shocking! - The Art and Fashion of Elsa Schiaparelli
Supplement to museum exhibition promotes her greater artistic significance with focus on her personal and professional relationships and lists her twelve commandments. (September 01, 2003)
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